A June 2013 report called “Recovery: Job Growth and Education Requirements Through 2020,” found that 96 percent of all occupations will require critical thinking skills. New Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards also stress critical thinking and creative problem solving. Research in the fields of brain, cognitive and mind sciences are providing new insights into critical and creative thinking and intelligence. Explore ways to use the science of “smarter minds” to teach the skills students need to meet today’s new standards, curriculum and careers.

You will gain knowledge about:

  • The need for schools to create creative problem solvers
  • How to develop smarter thinking in students and classrooms
  • Ways to promote critical and creative thinking skills in students
  • Strategies to improve math and scientific thinking and learning
  • The science behind thinking, reasoning, insight, art and creativity
  • Linking the Arts, tinkering and spatial skills to future innovations
  • Cognitive tools for improving insight, reflection and imagination
  • Using “smart” machines with smart students for problem solving
  • Connections between intelligence, memory, genes and IQ tests
  • Combining Common Core, deep thinking, reading and writing
  • Why teens make risky decisions and why humans are irrational

Neuroscience and Education Program, Teachers College, Columbia University
Mind, Brain & Education Program, Harvard Graduate School of Education
Comer School Development Program, Yale University School of Medicine
The Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives, The Dana Foundation
The Neuroscience Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara
National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
Center for Childhood Creativity
Center for Curriculum Redesign
LEARNING & the BRAIN® Foundation


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markman Smart Thinking: Helping Students Solve Problems, Innovate, Create and Learn

Arthur B. Markman, PhD, Annabel Iron Worsham Centennial Professor, Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin; Executive Editor, Cognitive Science; Author, Smart Change: Five Tools to Create New and Sustainable Habits in Yourself and Others (2014) and Smart Thinking: Three Essential Keys to Solve Problems, Innovate, and Get Things Done (2012); Co-Author, Tools for Innovation: The Science Behind the Practical Methods That Drive New Ideas (2009)
chapman Inspiring Students to Be Dynamic and Innovative Thinkers

Sandra B. Chapman, PhD, Founder/Chief Director, Center for BrainHealth; Dee Wyly Distinguished Chair; Professor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas; Co-Author, Make Your Brain Smarter: Increase Your Brain’s Creativity, Energy, and Focus (2013) and “Higher-order Strategic Gist Reasoning in Adolescence” (2011, The Adolescent Brain: Learning, Reasoning, and Decision Making)
costa Developing Thought-Full Minds and Schools for the 21st Century and Beyond

Arthur L. Costa, EdD, Emeritus Professor of Education, California State University, Sacramento; Co-Director of the Institute for Intelligent Behavior; Former President of ASCD; Former Director of Educational Programs, NASA; Editor, Habits of Mind Across the Curriculum (2009) and Developing Minds (2001); Co-Author, Cognitive Capital (2013) and Thinking-Based Learning (2010)
root-bernstein Sparks of Genius: Cognitive Thinking Tools for the Student Mind

Michele M. Root-Bernstein, PhD, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Theatre, Michigan State University; Co-Author, “Thinking Inside the Box” (2009, Psychology Today) and Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World’s Most Creative People (2001)
stanovich The Rational Mind: Is It Separate from Intelligence?

Keith E. Stanovich, PhD, Canada Research Chair of Applied Cognitive Science, Department of Human Development and Applied Psychology, University of Toronto; Author, How to Think Straight About Psychology (2012, 10th Ed.), Rationality and the Reflective Mind (2010) and What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought (2010)
kryza.naglieri Think Smart: Applying Brain Science to Instructional Practices That Empowers Learners

Kathleen M. Kryza, MA, CEO, Infinite Horizons; Co-Author, Developing Growth Mindsets in the Inspiring Classroom (2011) and Winning Strategies for Test Taking - Grades 3-8 (2009); and Jack A. Naglieri, PhD,Research Professor, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia; Emeritus Professor of Psychology, George Mason University; Co-Author, Handbook of Executive Functioning (2013) and Comprehensive Inventory of Executive Function (2012); Co-Editor, Practitioner’s Guide to Assessing Intelligence and Achievement (2009)
kandel The Age of Insight: Art, Brain and the Creative Beholder

Eric R. Kandel, MD, Nobel Prize Winner; University and Fred Kavli Professor; Director, Kavli Institute for Brain Science, Columbia University; Founding Director, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Author, Age of Insight (2012) and In Search of Memory (2007); Co-Author, Memory: From Mind to Molecules (2008)
hennessey Promoting Motivation and Creativity in the Classroom: A Toolbox for Teachers

Beth Ann Hennessey, PhD, Professor of Psychology, Wellesley College; Collaborator/Developer with Massachusetts Institute of Technology on a cutting-edge curriculum for the new International Design Center (IDC) at Singapore University of Technology and Design; Author, “Nurturing Creative Mindsets Across Cultures” (2012, Cultures of Creativity)
jung The Neuroscience of Creative Thinking

Rex E. Jung, PhD, Assistant Research Professor, Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Health Sciences Center; Assistant Research Professor, Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico; Co-Author, “The Structure of Creative Cognition in the Human Brain” (2013, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience) and “Cortical Thickness Correlates of Specific Cognitive Performance Accounted for by the General Factor of Intelligence in Healthy Children Aged 6 to 18” (2011, Neuroimage)
jaquith Developing Creative Thinking Skills Through Art

Diane B. Jaquith, MA, K-5 Art Teacher; Co-Founder, Teaching for Artistic Behavior; Co-Author, The Learner-Directed Classroom: Developing Creative Thinking Skills Through Art (2012) and Engaging Learners Through Artmaking (2009)
kaufman.beghetto How to Boost Student Creativity — and Your Own

James C. Kaufman, PhD, Professor of Educational Psychology, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut; Author, Creativity 101 (2009); Co-Author, Being Creative Inside and Outside the Classroom: How to Boost Your Students’ Creativity – and Your Own (2012); Co-Editor, Neuroscience of Creativity (2013), Nurturing Creativity in the Classroom (2011) and The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity (2010); and Ronald A. Beghetto, PhD, Associate Professor, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut; Associate Professor of Education Studies, University of Oregon; Author, Killing Ideas Softly? The Promise and Perils of Creativity in the Classroom (2013); Co-Editor, Nurturing Creativity in the Classroom (2011)

Inspire, Innovate and Problem-Solve: How the Arts Change Student Performance

Ivonne Chand O’Neal, MA, Director of Research and Evaluation, The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, which is conducting research on whether various aspects of arts integration instruction affect student engagement and creative ability

charleroy Arts at the Core: Connecting the Arts to 21st Century Teaching and Standards

Amy L. Charleroy, MA (Rhode Island School of Design), BFA, Director of Arts, Office of Academic Initiatives, The College Board, Researcher who coordinates the Arts at the Core Initiative and The Art of Problem Solving, a four-year study examining the effects of arts education on students’ problem-solving skills
cramond Fostering Creative Thinking and Problem Solving in Schools

Bonnie Cramond, PhD, Professor of Educational Psychology; Director of the Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development, College of Education, University of Georgia; Co-Author, “Cultivating Creative Thinking” (2014, Methods and Materials for Teaching the Gifted); “Future Problem Solving as Education for Innovation” (2013, The Routledge International Handbook of Innovation Education), “The Relationship Between Creativity and Intelligence” (2010, Handbook of Creativity) and The Coincidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Creativity (1995)
coffman Brains, Inquiry and Technology: Developing Creative Thinkers and a Thinking Curriculum

Teresa L. Coffman, PhD, Associate Professor of Education, College of Education, University of Mary Washington; Author, Using Inquiry in the Classroom: Developing Creative Thinkers and Information Literate Students (2013) and Engaging Students through Inquiry-oriented Learning and Technology (2009)
wagner Creating Innovators

Tony Wagner, MAT, EdD, Expert in Residence, Innovation Laboratory, Harvard University; Founder/Co-Director, Change Leadership Group, Harvard Graduate School of Education; Author, Creating Innovators: The Making of Young People Who Will Change the World (2012)
gee Digital Media and Stupidity in a Dangerous World: How to Make Students Smarter Before It’s Too Late

James Paul Gee, PhD, Mary Lou Fulton Presidential Professor of Literacy Studies, Arizona State University; Member, National Academy of Education; Author, The Anti-Education Era: Creating Smarter Students through Digital Learning (2013)
martinez Learning to Learn Through Invention, Tinkering and Making

Sylvia L. Martinez, MA, President of Generation YES, a non-profit with a mission of empowering young people to improve their schools and communities with modern technology; Designer of Math Blaster and Maurice Ashley Teaches Chess; Developer of the award-winning website; Co-Author, Invent to Learn: Making, Tinkering and Engineering in the Classroom (2013)
fadel “Man and Machine”: Impact of Technology on Innovation, Creativity and Learning

Charles K. Fadel, MBA, Founder/Chairman, Center for Curriculum Redesign; Visiting Practitioner, Harvard Graduate School of Education; Senior Fellow, The Conference Board, and Innovate Educate; Co-Author, 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times (2009)
benbow Spatial Intelligence and Creativity: Lessons from Studying the Development of Math and Science Talents for 35 Years

Camilla P. Benbow, EdD, Patricia and Rodes Hart Dean of Education and Human Development, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University; Co-Director of the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY); Co-Author, “Creativity and Technical Innovation: Spatial Ability’s Unique Role” (2013, Psychological Science)
gabrieli Cognitive Skills, Student Achievement Tests and Schools

John D.E. Gabrieli, PhD, Professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences; Director, Athinoula A. Martinos Imaging Center, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Co-Author, “Failure of Working Memory Training to Enhance Cognition or Intelligence” (2013, Plos One)
gabrieli Teaching Students to Think Like Scientists: Integrating Science and Literacy Instruction for Common Core and Next Generation Standards

Maria C. Grant, EdD, Associate Professor; Director, Secondary Teacher Education Program, Department of Secondary Education, College of Education, California State University, Fullerton; Co-Author, Teaching Students to Think Like Scientists (2014)
naglieri Think Smart: Using Brain Science to Redefine Intelligence for 21st Century Learners

Jack A. Naglieri, PhD, Research Professor, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia; Emeritus Professor of Psychology, George Mason University; Developer of the Cognitive Assessment System; Co-Author, Helping Children Learn (2010, 2nd Ed.), Helping Gifted Children Learn (2009) and Essentials of Wechsler Nonverbal Assessment (2008); Co-Editor, Practitioner’s Guide to Assessing Intelligence and Achievement (2009)
willingham Teaching Thinking Minds to Read Deeply 

Daniel T. Willingham, PhD, Professor of Psychology, University of Virginia; Blogger, Science and Education; Writer, “Ask the Cognitive Scientist” column for American Educator; Associate Editor, Mind, Brain, and Education, Author, When Can You Trust the Experts? (2012) and Why Don’t Students Like School? (2010); Co-Author, Cognition: The Thinking Animal (2006, 3rd Ed.)
siegler How Children Learn Mathematics and How to Help Them Learn More

Robert S. Siegler, PhD, Teresa Heinz Professor of Cognitive Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University; Founder, The Siegler Center for Innovative Learning (SCIL), Beijing Normal University; Co-Author, How Children Develop (2014, 4th Ed.), Children’s Thinking (2004, 4th Ed.) and “Taking It to the Classroom: Number Board Games as a Small Group Learning Activity” (2012, Journal of Educational Psychology)
siegler Benefits of Arts and Crafts for Math and Science Learning

Robert S. Root-Bernstein, PhD, Professor of Physiology, Michigan State University; Co-Author, “The Art and Craft of Science” (2013, Educational Leadership), “The Importance of Early and Persistent Arts and Craft Education for Future Scientists and Engineers” (2012, National Science Foundation SEAD) and Sparks of Genius (2009)
almarode Engaging Deeper Thinking in Math and Science

John T. Almarode, PhD,Assistant Professor, College of Education, James Madison University; Co-Author, Captivate, Activate, and Invigorate the Student Brain in Science and Math, Grades 6-12 (2013) and “For the Love of Learning Science” (2010, Physics Education Research)
kaufman Mind Over Math: The Neuropsychology of Mathematics and Practical Instructional Applications

Christopher Kaufman, PhD, Licensed Psychologist and Certified School Psychologist; Co-Founder, Kaufman Psychological Services; Author, Executive Function in the Classroom: Practical Strategies for Improving Performance and Enhancing Skills for All Students (2010)
siegler Aha! Moments: Problem Solving, Creativity and the Brain

John Kounios, PhD, Professor of Psychology; Director, Program in Applied Cognitive & Brain Sciences, Drexel University; Co-Author, “The Cognitive Neuroscience of Insight” (2013, Annual Review of Psychology) and “The Aha! Moment” (2009, Current Directions in Psychological Science)
honey Animating Learning Through Design, Make, Play: Growing the Next Generation of STEM Innovators

Margaret A. Honey, PhD, Developmental Psychologist; President and CEO, New York Hall of Science; Member of the Educational Advisory Board of the Partnership for 21st Century Skills, The National Resource Council’s Board on Science Education and as a committee member for the NRC study, Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills, and recently chaired the Committee on Learning Science: Computer Games, Simulations, and Education; Co-Editor, Design, Make, Play: Growing the Next Generation of STEM Innovators (2013)
kaufman Redefining Intelligence and Potential

Scott Barry Kaufman, PhD, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology, New York University; Co-Founder, The Creativity Post; Blogger, “Beautiful Minds,” Scientific American Mind; Author, Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined (2013); Editor, The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice (2013); Co-Editor, The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (2011)
chabris If There Are Genes for Intelligence, Why Haven’t We Found Them Yet?

Christopher F. Chabris, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology; Co-Director, Neuroscience Program, Union College; Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurology, Albany Medical College; Co-Author, The Invisible Gorilla: How Our Intuitions Deceive Us (2011) and “Most Reported Genetic Associations With General Intelligence Are Probably False Positives” (2012, Psychological Science)
cole Flexible Thinking: Understanding Cognitive Control and Intelligence in the Brain

Michael W. Cole, PhD, Director, Cole Neuroscience Laboratory; Assistant Professor, Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers-Newark University; Co-Author, “Rapid Instructed Task Learning: A New Window into the Human Brain’s Unique Capacity for Flexible Cognitive Control” (2013, Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience) and “Global Connectivity of Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Cognitive Control and Intelligence” (2012, Journal of Neuroscience)
barbey Mapping of Human Intelligence

Aron K. Barbey, PhD, Assistant Professor and Director, Decision Neuroscience Laboratory, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Associate Editor, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience; Co-Author, “Architecture of Fluid Intelligence and Working Memory Revealed by Lesion Mapping” (2013, Brain Structure and Function)
kosik The BRAIN Initiative: Mapping Minds and Thinking

Kenneth S. Kosik, MD, Co-Director, Neuroscience Research Institute; Professor of Neuroscience Research, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara; Co-Founder, Learning & the Brain; Co-Author, The Alzheimer’s Solution (2010)
aronson The Nurture of Intelligence in Schools

Joshua M. Aronson, PhD, Associate Professor of Applied Psychology, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development, New York University; Author, Improving Academic Achievement: Impact of Psychological Factors on Education. (2002); Co-Author, “How to Make a Young Child Smarter: A Meta-analysis” (2012, Current Directions in Psychological Science)
jung The Neuroscience of Intelligence: Implications for Education

Rex E. Jung, PhD, Assistant Research Professor, Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Health Sciences Center; Assistant Research Professor, Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico; Co-Author, “The Structure of Creative Cognition in the Human Brain” (2013, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience) and “Cortical Thickness Correlates of Specific Cognitive Performance Accounted for by the General Factor of Intelligence in Healthy Children Aged 6 to 18” (2011, Neuroimage)
kautz The Growing Science of Big Data and Machine Learning

Henry A. Kautz, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Computer Science; Director of the Institute for Data Science, University of Rochester; Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; Past President and Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence; Co-Author, “Location-Based Reasoning about Complex Multi-Agent Behavior” (2012, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research)
azevedo Transforming Education Through Learning Technologies

Roger Azevedo, PhD, Professor of Human Factors and Ergonomics; Member, Digital Transformation of Education Group, North Carolina State University; Co-Editor, International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies (2013)
plotkin Minds and Machines as Partners in Learning and Innovation

Robert Plotkin, Esq,
Adjunct Faculty, Boston University School of Law; Blogger, Automating Invention; Author, Computers and Creativity (2011) and The Genie in the Machine: How Computer-Automated Inventing Is Revolutionizing Law and Business (2009)


childhoodcreativity center for curriculum redesign kennedy center dana alliance nassp naesp